The Three Types of Gum Disease | Wilmington Dentist

You just found out that you have gum disease. Bummer, right? Nearly 75 percent of people in the United States are right there with you. Though typically caused by not practicing proper oral hygiene, some cases are caused by certain medications, hormonal changes, etc.

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an inflammation of the gums caused primarily by the bacteria found in plaque. If the plaque isn’t removed by practicing proper oral hygiene, the bacteria can end up severely infecting a tooth enough to need extraction. There are three different stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.

Gingivitis. This early stage of gum disease is mainly due to plaque buildup and can cause the gums to bleed. Gingivitis is the only stage of gum disease that is reversible, but only through dental care and by practicing proper oral hygiene at home.

Periodontitis. Typically irreversible, your gums start to form pockets below the gum line, where food and plaque can get trapped, making the condition worse.

Advanced Periodontitis. This is very final stage of gum disease where the bacterial infection has not only affected your teeth, but has also destroyed the fibers and bone supporting your teeth. This can lead to your teeth shifting or loosening, which affects your bite.

As mentioned before, bleeding and inflamed gums are some of the first signs of gum disease. Bad breath is also commonly associated with gum disease. If you notice any symptoms, visit your dentist as soon as possible.

For further information regarding gum disease, call Dr. Leo J. Kituskie, DMD for an appointment today at (302) 994-4900. Visit our website to learn more at implantperiocare.com.

Dr. Leo J. Kituskie proudly serves Wilmington and all surrounding areas.

How to Maintain a Healthy Mouth | Wilmington Dentist

When we have a dental emergency, we know exactly where to go. But if it doesn’t hurt, chances are we aren’t bothering with a dental visit. Unfortunately, when it comes to our dental health, it is our job to take care of things. We schedule dental appointments to make sure things are going smoothly, but it’s honestly our duty to make the effort to maintain our smiles. So, if you find out that you have dental issues, it’s time to think about how well you are taking care of your teeth. Here are some quick tips to avoid a bad dental report card:

Brush. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles. If you’d like a more thorough cleaning, consider an electric version. Brush for at least 2 minutes, in gentle circular motions so as not to irritate your gums.

Floss. Use 18” worth of floss and make sure that you are using a clean area between teeth to prevent the spreading of any infections you may already have.

Mouthwash. Mouthwash loosens any debris, making your mouth cleaner than by merely brushing.

Tobacco. Avoid tobacco products. We all know tobacco of any sort is bad for us, but it is especially bad for our mouths. Ingesting tobacco products can further irritate any infection you may have, making you more susceptible to further issues.

Sugar. It may taste sweet but having too much sugar in your diet will cause lots of dental issues if you don’t look after your teeth. Limit it as much as possible and be sure to brush after you indulge.

For further information regarding dental issues, call Dr. Leo J. Kituskie, DMD for an appointment today at (302) 994-4900. Visit our website to learn more at implantperiocare.com.

Dr. Leo J. Kituskie proudly serves Wilmington and all surrounding areas.

Let’s Start 2019 Without Gum Disease | Wilmington Dentist

As we embark on the new year, we have all taken a moment to take stock on what we have done in the past year and how we can improve it for this one. One of the dental issues that can hinder our 2019 success is gum disease. If left untreated, could lead to tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Don’t worry – most adults will encounter some type of gum disease in their lifetime.

The problem is, only a dentist or a periodontist can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease, so if you find that your gums have begun to bleed or bad breath is becoming an issue, it’s time for a dental checkup. Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease, but other factors can contribute to periodontal disease as well, such as smoking, poor dental hygiene, diabetes and pregnancy. In order to catch gum disease at the first stages, here are some signs to look for:

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Changes in the fit of partial dentures

Keeping your gums healthy requires a daily oral hygiene routine of brushing twice a day, using a mouthwash, flossing and maintaining a healthy diet. So, as you reconsider keeping your new year resolutions, make sure you think about your dental health. Prevention is your key to oral health success.

For further information regarding gum disease, call Dr. Leo J. Kituskie, DMD for an appointment today at (302) 994-4900. Visit our website to learn more at implantperiocare.com.

Dr. Leo J. Kituskie proudly serves Wilmington and all surrounding areas.

Gum Disease | Bad Things Come in Sets of Three | Wilmington Dentist

If there is anything we try to do at all times, it’s look after our health. But the one aspect of our health we tend to forget is our oral health. Unfortunately, our oral health is very important to our health overall. If you’ve recently been told that you have gum disease, you are not alone. It’s been estimated that nearly 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease.

But how do we get gum disease anyway? Gum disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque, the sticky colorless film that forms on your teeth. If this plaque isn’t removed by preforming proper oral hygiene habits, plaque will build up and the bacteria will infect every aspect of your mouth. There are three stages of gum disease: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Let’s take a look at each and how your mouth will be affected…

Gingivitis. This is the inflammation of your gums and teeth that’s caused by plaque buildup at your gum line. This is the only stage of gum disease that can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue are not yet affected.

Periodontitis. Once periodontitis occurs, the supporting bone and tissues structures are irreversibly damaged. Your gums will start to form pockets below your gum line, which traps plaque and food.

Advanced Periodontitis. This is the final stage of gum disease, where the tissue structures and supporting bones are destroyed, which can cause you teeth to shift and loosen, affecting your bite.