If there is anything we try to do at all times, it’s look after our health. But the one aspect of our health we tend to forget is our oral health. Unfortunately, our oral health is very important to our health overall. If you’ve recently been told that you have gum disease, you are not alone. It’s been estimated that nearly 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease.
But how do we get gum disease anyway? Gum disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque, the sticky colorless film that forms on your teeth. If this plaque isn’t removed by preforming proper oral hygiene habits, plaque will build up and the bacteria will infect every aspect of your mouth. There are three stages of gum disease: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Let’s take a look at each and how your mouth will be affected…
Gingivitis. This is the inflammation of your gums and teeth that’s caused by plaque buildup at your gum line. This is the only stage of gum disease that can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue are not yet affected.
Periodontitis. Once periodontitis occurs, the supporting bone and tissues structures are irreversibly damaged. Your gums will start to form pockets below your gum line, which traps plaque and food.
Advanced Periodontitis. This is the final stage of gum disease, where the tissue structures and supporting bones are destroyed, which can cause you teeth to shift and loosen, affecting your bite.